Gardiner’s Sign List of Egyptian Hieroglyphs

The following is a  list of commonly used hieroglyphs as organized by Sir Alan H. Gardiner in his Egyptian Grammar. The signs are organized into 26 main categories followed by 3 sections that list hieroglyphs by their shape. Choose from any of the links below to guide yourself to a specific category.

Phono. – Phonogram       Ideo. – Ideogram       Det. – Determinative       Var. – Variant.

A. Man and his Occupations

B. Woman and her Occupations

C. Anthropomorphic Deities

D. Parts of the Human Body

E. Mammals

F. Parts of Mammals

G. Birds

H. Parts of Birds

I. Amphibious Animals, Reptiles, etc.

K. Fish and Parts of Fish

L. Invertebrates and Lesser Animals

M. Trees and Plants

N. Sky, Earth, Water

O. Buildings, Parts of Buildings, etc.

P. Ships and Parts of Ships

Q. Domestic and Funerary Furniture

R. Temple Furniture and Sacred Emblems

S. Crowns, Dress, Staves, etc.

T. Warfare, Hunting, Butchery

U. Agriculture, Crafts, and Professions

V. Rope, Fiber, Baskets, Bags, etc.

W. Vessels of Stone and Earthenware

X. Loaves and Cakes

Y. Writings, Games, Music

Z. Strokes

Aa. Unclassified

Tall Narrow Signs

Low Broad Signs

Low Narrow Signs

Sources Referenced:

  • Allen, James P.

Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs

  • Faulkner, R. O.,

A Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian

  • Gardiner, Alan H.,

 Egyptian Grammar

  • Hoch, James E.,

Middle Egyptian Grammar: Sign List