Ancient Egypt Bibliography

General Orientation The New Kingdom Law, Economy, and Daily Life Art and Architecture
General Histories The Amarna Period Biography Science, Technology, and Medicines
Prehistoric and Protodynastic Late Period Religion Ecology
Old Kingdom Kingship Literature and Texts in Translation Script and Language
Intermediate Periods and Middle Kingdom The Army Egypt and Her Neighbors Egypt’s Legacy

General Orientation:

Albright, W.F. From the Stone Age to Christianity, 1957.

Clayton, P.A. Chronicle of the Pharaohs, 2001.

David, R. Discovering Ancient Egypt, 1993.

Hallo, W., The Ancient Near East, a History, 1973.

Iverson, E. The Myth of Egypt and Its Hieroglyphs in European Tradition, 1993.

James, T.G.H. Excavating in Egypt, 2003.

—. Ancient Egypt: The Land and its Legacy, 1988.

Meyers, E.M. (ed). The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East, 1997.

Moscati, S. The Face of the Ancient Orient, 1962.

Murnane, W.J. The Penguin Guide to Ancient Egypt, 1983.

D. O’Connor, S. Quirke (eds). Mysterious Land: Encounters with Ancient Egypt, 2002.

Shaw, Ian. Exploring Ancient Egypt, 2003.

Weeks, K.R, Egyptology and the Social Sciences, 1979.

Wilkinson, R.H. Egyptology Today, 2008.

General Histories:

Aldred, Cyril. The Egyptians, 1987.

J. Baines and J. Malek. Atlas of Ancient Egypt, 1980.

Breasted, J.H., A History of Egypt, 1964.

—, Cambridge Ancient History, Third Edition, Vol. 1, 2. Cambridge 1971-

Chadwick, R., First Civilizations: Ancient Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt, 1996.

Donadoni, S.(ed), The Egyptians, 1997.

Gardiner, A.H., Egypt of the Pharaohs, 1961.

Grimal, N, A History of Ancient Egypt, 1992.

Hornung, E., History of Ancient Egypt: An Introduction, 1999.

Kemp, B.J., Ancient Egypt: Anatomy of a Civilization, 1989.

S. Quirke and J Spencer, The British Museum Book of Ancient Egypt, 1992.

Redford, D.B. (ed.), The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, 2001.

—, A History of Ancient Egypt: Egyptian Civilization in Context, 2005.

Shaw, Ian, The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, 2000.

Silverman, D.P. (ed.), Ancient Egypt, 1997.

B.G. Trigger, D. O’Connor and A.B. Lloyd, Ancient Egypt: A Social History, 1983.

Wildung, D., Egypt from Prehistory to the Romans, 1997.

Prehistoric and Protodynastic:

Adams, B and K.M. Cialowicz, Protodynastic Egypt, 1988.

Hendricks, S., Egypt at its Origins: Studies in Memory of Barbara Adams, 2005.

Frankfort, H., The Birth of Civilization in the Near East, 1951.

Hendrickx, S., Analytical Bibliography of the Prehistory and the Early Dynastic Period, 1995.

Midant-Reynes, B., The Prehistory of Egypt: from the first Egyptians to the first Pharaohs, 2000.

Rice, M., Egypt’s Making: the Origins of Ancient Egypt 5000-2000 BC, 1991.

Spencer, A.J., Early Egypt: The Rise of Civilization in the Nile Valley, 1993.

—, Aspects of Early Egypt, 1996.

Weeks, K.R., A Historical Bibliography of Egyptian Prehistory, 1985.

Trigger, B.G., Early Civilizations: Ancient Egypt in Context, 1993.

Wilkinson, T.A.H., State Formation in Egypt: Chronology and Society, 1996.

—, Genesis of the Pharaohs, 2003.

Old Kingdom:

Aldred, C., Egypt to the End of the Old Kingdom, 1965.

Andreu, G., Egypt in the Age of the Pyramids, 1997.

Dodson, A., The Pyramids of Ancient Egypt, 2003.

Fahkry, A. The Pyramids, 1969.

Hawass, Z., The Pyramids of Ancient Egypt, 1990.

Kanawati, N., The Egyptian Administration in the Old Kingdom, 1977.

—, Governmental Reforms in Old Kingdom Egypt, 1980.

Jones, D.,  An Index of Ancient Egyptian Titles, Epithets and Phrases of the Old Kingdom, 2000.

Kamil, J., The Ancient Egyptians: Life in the Old Kingdom, 1996.

Lehner, M., The Complete Pyramids: Solving the Ancient Mysteries, 1997.

Strudwick, N.The Administration of Egypt in the Old Kingdom, 1985.

Verner, M., Forgotten Pharaohs, Lost Pyramids: Abusir, 1994.

—, Abusir, Realm of Osiris, 2002.

—, The Pyramids: their Archaeology and History, 2003

Intermediate Periods and Middle Kingdom:

Bietak, M., Avaris-Pi-Ramesses, 1979.

Booth, C., The Hyksos Period in Egypt, 2005.

Grajetzki, W. The Middle Kingdom of Anceint Egypt, 2006.

Oren, E.D., The Hyksos: New Historical and Archaeological Perspectives, 1997.

Parkinson, R., Poetry and Culture in Middle Kingdom Egypt, 2002.

Quirke, S., Middle Kingdom Studies, 1991.

—, The Administration of Egypt in the Late Middle Kingdom, 1990.

Ryholt, K.S.B., The Political Situation in Egypt During the Second Intermediate Period, 1998.

Van Seters, J. The Hyksos, a New Investigation. 1966.

The New Kingdom:

Brand, P., The Monuments of Sety I, 2000.

Bryan, B., The Reign of Thutmosis IV, 1990.

E.H. Cline, D. O’Connor (eds.), Thutmosis III: A New Biography, 2006.

Dorman, P, The Monuments of Senenmut, 1988.

Fletcher, J., Chronicle of a Pharaoh: The Intimate Life of Amenhotep III, 2000.

Freed, R., Ramesses the Great, 1988.

Gardiner, A.H., The Kadesh Inscriptions of Ramesses II, 1960.

J.E. Harris and K.R. Weeks, X-raying the Pharaohs, 1973.

Iskander, S., The Reign of Merneptah, 2002.

Kitchen, K.A., Pharaoh Triumphant, 1982.

A. Kozloff and B. Bryan, Egypt’s Dazzling Sun-Disc: Amenhotep and his World. 1992.

Lundh, P., Actor and Event: Military Activity in Ancient Egyptian Narrative Texts from Tuthmosis II to Merneptah, 2002.

Manassa, C., The Great Karnak Inscription of Merneptah: Grand Strategy in the 13th Century B.C., 2003.

Der Manuelan, P., Studies in the Reign of Amenophis II, 1987.

Martin, G.T., The Hidden Tombs of Memphis, 1992.

Murnane, W.J., The Road to Kadesh, 1985.

Newby, P.H., The Warrior Pharaohs, 1981.

D. O’Connor and E. Cline (eds.), Amenhotep III: Perspectives on His Reign, 1998.

Peden, A.J., The Reign of Ramesses IV, 1994.

Redford, D.B., History and Chronology of the 18th Dynasty of Egypt: Seven Studies, 1967.

—, The Wars in Syria and Palestine of Thutmosis II, 2003.

Redford, S., The Harim Conspiracy: The Murder of Ramesses III, 2002.

N. Reeves and R.H. Wilkinson, The Complete Valley of the Kings, 1997.

Tyldesley, J., Hatshepsut: The Female Pharaoh, 1998.

Van den Boorn, G.P.F, The Duties of the Visier, 1988.

Wilkinson, R.H. (ed), Valley of the Sun Kings: New Exploration in the Tombs of the Pharaohs, 1995.

The Amarna Period:

Aldred, C., Akhenaten, Pharaoh of Egypt: A New Study, 1968.

—, Tutankhamun’s Egypt, 1972.

—, Ahkenaten and Nefertity, 1973.

Cohen, R., Amarna Diplomacy: The Beginnings of International Relations, 2000.

Desoches-Noblecourt, C., Tutankhamun, 1963.

Freed, R., Pharaohs of the Sun: Ahkenaten, Nefertiti, Tutankhamun, 1999.

Hornung, E., Akhenaten and the Religion of Light, 1995.

Liverani, Three Amarna Essays, 1979.

Redford, D.B., Akhenaten, the Heretic King, 1984.

—, The Ahkenaten Temple Project, I. Initial Discoveries, 1977.

—, The Ahkenaten Temple Project, II. Rwd-mnw and the Inscriptions, 1988.

Reeves, N., Akhenaten: Egypt’s False Prophet, 2001.

Samson, J., Nefertiti and Cleopatra: Queen Monarchs of Ancient Egypt, 1985.

—, Amarna: City of Akhenaten and Nefertity, 1977.

Silverman, D.P. (ed.), Akhenaten, Tutankhamun, Revolution and Restoration, 2006.

Late Period:

Bagnall, R.S., Egypt in Late Antiquity, 1993.

—, Egypt from Alexander to the Early Christians, 2004.

Bell, H.I., Egypt from Alexander the Great to the Arab Conquest, 1948.

Bierbrier, M., The Late New Kingdom in Egypt, 1985.

Bowman, A.K., Egypt after the Pharaohs, 1986.

Briant, P., From Cyrus to Alexander: A History of the Persian Empire, 2002.

Drews, R., The End of the Bronze Age, 1993.

Empereur, Y.J., Alexandria Rediscovered, 1998.

Fraser, P.M., Ptolemaic Alexandria, 2001.

Harris, W.V., Ancient Alexandria, between Egypt and Greece, 2004.

Holbl, G., A History of the Ptolemaic Empire, 2001.

C. Jacob, F. De Polignac, Alexandria, Third Century B.C.: The Knowledge of the World in a Single City, 2000.

Johnson, J.H. (ed.), Life in a Multi-Cultural Society: Egypt from Cambyses to Constantine and Beyond, 1992.

Kitchen, K.A., The third Intermediate Period in Egypt, 1985.

Lewes, N., Life in Egypt under Roman Rule, 1984.

—, Greeks in Ptolemaic Egypt, 2001.

MacLeod, R. The Library of Alexandria, Centre of Learning in the Ancient World, 2000.

Manning, J.G., Land and Power in Ptolemaic Egypt, 2003.

Mysliwiec, K., First Millennium B.C.E.: The Twilight of Ancient Egypt, 2000.

Samuel, A.E., The Shifting Sands of History: Interpretations of Ptolemaic Egypt, 1989.

Stanwick, P.E., Greek Kings as Egyptian Pharoahs. Portrait of the Ptolemies, 2002.

Thompson, D.J., Memphis under the Ptolemies, 1988.

Vasunia, P., The Gift of the Nile: Hellenizing Egypt from Aeschylus to Alexander, 2001.


Allen, T.D., Ancient Egyptian Kingship: and Afro-centric Case Study, 1998.

Frankfort, H., Kingship and the Gods, 1948.

D. O’Connor and D.P. Silverman (eds.), Ancient Egyptian Kingship, 1996.

The Army:

Gilbert, G.P., Weapons, Warriors and Warfare in Early Egypt, 2004.

Morkot, R., Historical Dictionary of Ancient Egyptian Warfare, 2006.

Partridge, R.B., Fighting Pharaohs: Weapons and Warfare in Ancient Egypt, 2002.

Raulwing, P., Horses, Chariots and Indo-Europeans, 2000.

Shulman, A.R., Egyptian Military Rank, Title, and Organization in the New Kingdom, 1964.

Shaw, I., Egyptian Warfare and Weapons, 1991.

Spalinger, A.J., Aspects of the Military Documents of the Ancient Egyptians, 1982.

—, War in Ancient Egypt, The New Kingdom, 2005.

Yadin, Y., The Art of Warfare in the Bible Lands, 1961.

Law, Economy, and Daily Life:

Bakir, A.M., Slavery in Pharaonic Egypt, 1952.

Bierbrier, M., The Tomb Builders of the Pharaohs, 1982.

Berriedale-Johnson, M., Food Fit for Pharaohs: An Ancient Egyptian Cookbook, 1999.

Bleiberg, E.J., The Official Gift in Ancient Egypt, 1997.

Caminos, R.A., Late Egyptian Miscellanies, 1954.

A.K. Capel and G.E. Markoe, Mistress of the House, Mistress of Heaven. Women in Ancient Egypt, 1997.

Cerny, J., A Community of Workmen at Thebes in the Ramesside Period, 1973.

David, R., The Pyramid Builders of Ancient Egypt, 1986.

Decker, W., Sports and Games of Ancient Egypt, 1992.

Erman, A, Life in Ancient Egypt, 1971.

Haring, B.J., Divine Households: Administrative and Economic Aspects of the New Kingdom Royal Mermorial Temples in Western Thebes, 1997.

Hawass, Z., Silent Images: Women in Pharaonic Egypt, 1995.

James, T.G.H., Pharaoh’s People, 1984.

Janssen, J.J., Commodity Prices from the Ramesside Period, 1975.

—, Growing up in Ancient Egypt, 1990.

Katary, S.L.D., Land Tenure in the Ramesside Period, 1975.

Kees, H., Ancient Egypt: A Cultural Topography, 1961.

Lesko, L.H., Pharaoh’s Workers, 1994.

Manniche, L., Sexual Life in Ancient Egypt, 1987.

—, Music and Musicians in Ancient Egypt, 1991.

—, Sacred Luxuries: Fragrance, Aromatherapy, and Cosmetics in Ancient Egypt, 1999.

Mattha, G. The Demotic Legal Code of Hermopolis West, 1975.

McDowell, A.G., Jurisdiction in the Workmen’s Community of Deir el-Medina, 1990.

Meskell, L., Private Life in New Kingdom Egypt, 2002.

Nims, C.F., Thebes of the Pharaohs, 1965.

R. Parkinson and S. Quirke, Papyrus, 1995.

Partridge, R., Transport in Ancient Egypt, 1996.

Perez, A.R., Egypt: Music in the Age of the Pyramids, 2003.

Robins, G., Women in Ancient Egypt, 1993.

Smith, H.S., A Visit to Ancient Egypt, 1974.

Strouhal, E., Life in Ancient Egypt, 1992.

Strudwick, N and H., Thebes in Egypt: A guide to the Tombs and Temples of Ancient Luxor, 1999.

Tyldesley, J., Daughters of Isis: Women of Ancient Egypt, 1994.

—, Judgment of the Pharaoh: Crime and Punishment in Ancient Egypt, 2000.

Vogelsand-Eastwood, A., Pharaonic Egyptian Clothing, 1993.

Warburton, D.A., State and Economy in Ancient Egypt, 1997.


Bierbrier, M., Ancient Faces: Mummy Portraits from Roman Egypt, 1997.

Dodson, A., Monarchs of the Nile, 1994.

Partridge, R.B., Faces of Pharaohs: Royal Mummies and Coffins from Ancient Thebes, 1994.

Save-Soderbergh, T., Pharaohs and Mortals, 1959.


Allen, J.P., Genesis in Egypt: The Philosophy of Ancient Egypt Creation Accounts, 1988.

Allen, T.G., The Book of the Dead, 1974.

Andrews, C., Amulets of Ancient Egypt, 1994.

R. Anthes and S.N. Kramer (eds.), Mythologies of the Ancient World, 1961.

Assmann, J, Egyptian Solar Religion in the New Kingdom, 1995.

—, The Search for God in Ancient Egypt, 2001.

—, Death and Salvation in Ancient Egypt, 2005.

—, Of Gods and Gods: Egypt, Israel, and the Rise of Monotheism, 2008.

Bleeker, C.J., Hathor and Thoth, 1973.

Bolshakow, A.O., Man and his Double in Egyptian Ideology of the Old Kingdom, Wiesbaden, 1997.

Borgouts, Ancient Egyptian Magical Texts, 1978.

Breasted, J.H., Development of Religion and Though in Ancient Egypt, 1959.

—, The Dawn of Conscious, 1968.

Cerny, J., The Religion of Ancient Egypt, 1952.

Clarysse, W, Egyptian Religion: The Last Thousand Years, 1998.

S. D’auria, P. Lacovara and C.H. Roeherig, Mummies and Magic: The Funerary Arts of Ancient Egypt, 1993.

David, R., Cult of the Sun: Myth and Magic in Ancient Egypt, 1994.

—, A Guide to Religious Ritual at Abydos, 1981.

Englund, G. (ed.), The Religion of the Ancient Egyptians, 1989.

Eyre, C.J., The Cannibal Hymn: A Cultural and Literary Study, 2002.

Faulkner, R.O., Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts, 1969.

—, The Ancient Egyptian Coffin Texts, 3 vol., 1973.

—, The Egyptian Book of the Dead, 1985.

Frankfurter, D., Religion in Roman Egypt, 1998.

Goedicke, H., Unity and Diversity, 1975.

Grajetzki, W., Burial Custom in Ancient Egypt, 2003

Griffiths, J. G., The Conflict of Horus and Seth, 1959.

—, The Origins of Osiris and his Cult, 1980.

—, The Divine Verdict: A Study of Divine Judgement in the Ancient Religions, 1991.

Hornung, E., The Valley of Kings: Horizon of Eternity, 1990.

—, Idea into Image: Essays on Ancient Egyptian Thought, 1992.

—, Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt, 1982.

—, The Ancient Egyptian Books of the Afterlife, 1999.

Ikram, S. (ed.), Divine Creatures: Animal Mummies in Ancient Egypt, 2005.

Kanawati, N., The Tomb and Beyond: Burial Customsof the Egyptian Officials, 2001.

Lichtheim, M., Moral Values in Ancient Egypt, 1997.

—, Maat in Egyptian Autobiographies & Related Studies, 1992.

Meeks, D., Daily Life of the Egyptian Gods, 1996.

Mekhitarian, A., Abydos, Sacred Precint of Osiris, 1998.

Morenz, S., Egyptian Religion, 1973.

Quirke, S., Ancient Egyptian Religion, 1992.

—, The Temple in Ancient Egypt, 1997.

Richards, J., Society and Death in Ancient Egypt, 2005.

Redford, D.B., The Ancient Gods Speak: A Guide to Egyptian Religion, 2002.

Ritner, R. K., The Mechanics of Ancient Egyptian Magical Practice, 1993.

Rundle Clark, R.T., Myth and Symbol in Ancient Egypt, 1959.

Sadek, A.I., Popular Religion in Egypt during the New Kingdom, 1987.

Sauneron, S., The Priests of Ancient Egypt. 1969.

Sandman, M., The God Ptah, 1946.

Shafer, B.E., Religion in Ancient Egypt, 1991.

—, Temples of Ancient Egypt, 1997.

Spencer, A.J., Death in Ancient Egypt, 1982.

Taylor, J.H., Death and the Afterlife in Ancient Egypt, 2001.

Thomas, A.P., Egyptian Gods and Myths, 1986.

Vernus, P., The Gods of Ancient Egypt, 1998.

Wilkinson, R.H., The Complete Gods and Godesses of Ancient Egypt, 2003.

Willems, H. (ed), Social Aspects of Funerary Culture in the Egyptian Old and Middle Kingdom, 2001.

Witt, R.E., Isis in the Ancient World, 1997.

Literature and Texts in Translation:

Breasted, J.H., Ancient Records of Egypt, 5 vol., 1906.

Burkes, S., Death in Qoheleth and Egyptian Biographies of the Later Period, 1999.

Cumming, B., Egyptian Historical Records of the Later Eighteenth Dynasty, 1984.

Erman, A., The Ancient Egyptians: A Sourcebook of their Writings, 1966.

Foster, J. L., Echoes of Egyptian Voices: An Anthology of Ancient Egyptian Poetry, 1992.

A.K. Grayson and D.B. Redford, Papyrus and Tablet, 1973.

Hallo, W.H., The Context of Scripture, 1997.

Kitchen, K.A., Poetry of Ancient Egypt, 1999.

Lichtheim, M. Ancient Egyptian Literature, 3 vol., 1973-1980.

—, Ancient Egyptian Autobiographies, Chiefly of the Middle Kingdom, 1988.

Loprieno, A. (ed), Ancient Egyptian Literature: History and Forms, 1996.

Murnane, W.J., Texts from the Amarna Period in Egypt, 1994.

Parkinson, R.B., Voices from Ancient Egypt: An Anthology of Middle Kingdom Writings, 1991.

—, The Tale of Sinuhe and other Ancient Egyptian Poems 1940-1640 BC, 1999.

Pritchard, J.B. (ed), Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament, 1966.

Simpson, W. K., The Literature of Ancient Egypt, 1973.

Strudwick, N., Texts from the Pyramid Age, 2005.

Went, E. F., Letters from Ancient Egypt, 1990.

Egypt and Her Neighbors:

Adams, W.Y., Nubia, Corridor to Africa, 1977.

Barta, M, Sinuhe: Patriarchs and the Bible, 2003.

Boardman, J., The Greeks Overseas, 1980.

Booth, C., The Role of Foreigners in Ancient Egypt, 2005.

Bryce, T., The Kingdom of the Hittites, 1999.

—, The Trojans and their Neighbors, 2006.

Currid, J. D., Ancient Egypt and the Old Testament, 1987

Davies, W. V. (ed), Egypt and Africa: Nubia from Prehistory to Islam, 1991.

—, Egypt, the Aegean and the Levant, 1995.

Dothan, T. and M., People of the Sea: The Search for the Philistines, 1992.

Emery, W. B., Egypt in Nubia, 1965.

Fahkry, A., The Oases of Egypt, 2 vol., 1973-1974.

E. S. Frerichs and L. H. Lesko (eds.), Exodus: The Egyptian Evidence, 1997.

Giveon, R., The Impact fo Egypt on Canaan, 1978.

Groll, S. (ed), Pharaonic Egypt: The Bible and Christianity, 1985.

Gurney, O. R., The Hittites, 1964.

Harris, J. R. (ed.), The Legacy of Egypt, 1971.

Higginbotham, C. R., Egyptianization and Elite Emulation in Ramesside Palestine, 2000.

Hoffmeier, J. K., Israel in Egypt, 1997.

Klengel, H., Syria 3000 to 300 BC: A Handbook of Political History,1992.

Leahy, A. (ed.), Libya and Egypt c. 1300-750, 1990.

Liverani, M., Prestige and Interest: International Relations in the Near East ca. 1600-1100 BC, 1990.

R. Matthews and C. Roemer (eds.), Ancient Perspectives on Egypt, 2003.

Morkot, R., The Black Pharaohs: Egypt’s Nubian Rulers, 2000.

D O’Connor, Ancient Nubia: Egypt’s Rival in Africa, 1993.

Redford, D. B., Egypt, Canaan and Israel in Ancient Times, 1992.

—, Egypt and Canaan in the New Kingdom, 1990

—, From Slave to Pharaoh: The Black Experience of Ancient Egypt, 2004.

Sanders, N. K., The Sea Peoples, 1985.

Shinnie, P. L., Ancient Nubia, 1996.

Smith, S. T., Askut in Nubia, 1995.

—, Wretched Kush: Ethnic Identites and Boundaries in Egypt’s Nubian Empire, 2003.

Smith, W. S., Interconnections in the Ancient Near East, 1965.

Taylor, J. H., Egypt and Nubia, 1991.

Torok, L., The Kingdom of Kush: A Handbook of Napatan-Meroitic Civilization, 1997.

Trigger, B, Nubia under the Pharaohs, 1978.

Tubb, J. N., The Canaanites: Peoples of the Past, 1998.

E. C. M. van den Brink and T. E. Levy (eds.), Egypt and the Levant: Interrelations from the 4th through the Early 3rd Millennium BCE, 2002.

Wachsmann, S., Aegeans in Egyptian Tombs, 1987.

Warburton, D, Egypt and the Near East: Politics in the Bronze Age, 2001.

Ward, W., Egypt and the Eastern Mediterranean World, 1971.

Welsby, D., The Kingdom of KushL The Napatan and Meroitic Empires, 1996.

—, Sudan: Ancient Treasures, 2004.

Wilson, K. A., The Campaign of Pharaoh Shoshenq I into Palestine, 2004.

Art and Architecture:

Aldred, C., The Development of Ancient Egyptian Art, 1952.

—, Egyptian Art in the Days of the Pharaoh, 1980.

Arnold, D., Building in Egypt: Pharaonic Stone Masonry, 1991.

—, Temples of the Last Pharaohs, 1999.

—, The Encyclopedia of Ancient Egyptian Architecture, 2003.

Bothmer, B.V., Egyptian Sculpture of the Late Period, 1960.

S. Clarke and R. Engelbach, Ancient Construction and Architecture, 1990.

Desroches-Noblecourt, C., Egyptian Wall Paintings, 1962.

Dorman, P. F., The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Egypt and the Ancient Near East, 1987.

—, Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids, 1999.

Habachi, L., The Obelisks of Egypt, 1977.

James, T.G.H., Egyptian Sculpture, 1983

—, Egyptian Painting, 1984.

Morris, E. F., The Architecture of Imperialism: Military Bases and the Evolution of Foreign Poliocy in Egypt’s New Kingdom, 2005.

Pritchard, J. B., The Ancient Near East Pictures, 1966.

Robins, G., Egyptian Painting and Relief, 1986.

—, Proportion and Style in Ancient Egyptian Art, 1994.

—, The Art of Ancient Egypt, 1997.

Russman, E., Egyptian Sculpture: Cairo and Luxor, 1991.

Schafer, H., Principles of Egyptian Art, 1974.

Silverman, D. P., Searching for Ancient Egypt, 1997.

Smith, W. S., A History of Egyptian Sculpture and Painting in the Old Kingdom, 1949.

—, Ancient Egypt, as Represented in the Museum of Fine Arts, 1960.

—, The Art and Architecture of Ancient Egypt, 1981.

Spencer, A. J., Brick Architecture in Ancient Egypt, 1979.

Wilkinson, R. H., Reading Egyptian Art: A Hieroglyphic Guide to Ancient Egyptian Painting and Sculpture, 1992.

—, Symbol and Magic in Egyptian Art, 1994.

—, The Complete Temples of Ancient Egypt, 2000.

Science, Technology, and Medicine:

Andrews, C., Egyptian Mummies, 1988.

Bryan, C., Ancient Egyptian Medicine: The Papyrus Ebers, 1974.

Ghalioungui, P., Magic and Medical Science in Ancient Egypt, 1963.

—, The House of Life, 1973.

Gillings, R., Mathematics in the Time of the Pharaohs, 1982.

A. Gordon and C. Schwabe, The Quick and the Dead: Biomedical Theory in Ancient Egypt, 2004.

S. Ikram and A. Dodson, Royal Mummies in the Egyptian Cairo Museum, 1997.

B. Halioua, B, Ziskind, M. B. Debevoise, Medicine in the Days of the Pharaohs, 2005.

Leake, C. D., The Old Egyptian Medical Papyri,1994.

A. Lucas and J. R. Harris, Ancient Egyptian Materials and Industries, 1986.

Neugebauer, O., The Exact Sciences in Antiquity,1957.

P. T. Nicholson and I. Shaw, Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technology, 2000.

Nunn, J. F., Ancient Egyptian Medicine, 1996.

D. O’Connor and D. Silverman, The Egyptian Mummy, Secrets, and Science, 1980.

Reeves, C., Egyptian Medicine, 1992.

G. Robins and C. Shute, The Rhind Mathematical Papyrus, 1987.

Rossi, C., Architecture and Mathematics in Ancient Egypt, 2004.


A. K. Bowman and E. Rogan, Agriculture in Egypt from Pharaonic to Modern Times, 1999.

Brewer, D. J., Domestic Plants & Animal: The Egyptian Origins, 1994.

—, Fish and Fishing in Ancient Egypt, 1989.

—, Dogs in Antiquity, 2001.

Hall, R., Egyptian Textiles, 1990.

Houlihan, P. F., The Birds of Ancient Egypt, 1986.

Ikram, S., Choice Cuts: Meat Production in Ancient Egypt, 1995.

Manniche, L., An Ancient Egyptian Herbal, 1989.

Wilkinson, A., The Garden in Ancient Egypt, 1998.

Script and Language:

Allen, James P., Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs, 2001

Collier and Manley, How to Read Egyptian Hieroglyphs: A Step-by-Step Guide to Teach Yourself, 2003

Englund, G., Middle Egyptian: An Introduction, 1988.

Faulkner, R. O., A Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian, 1962.

Gardiner, Alan H., Egyptian Grammar. Griffith Institute, 1957.

Hoch, James E., Middle Egyptian Grammar, 1997.

Loprieno, A., Ancient Egyptian, a Linguistic Introduction, 1995.

Ockinga, Boyo,  A Concise Grammar of Middle Egyptian, 1998

Wilson, P., Hieroglyphs. A Very Short Introduction. 2005.

Egypt’s Legacy:

Assmann, J., Moses the Egyptian: The Memory of Egypt in Western Monotheism, 1997.

Hornung, E., The Secret Lore of Egypt: its Impact on the West, 2001.

Kovelman, A., Between Alexandria and Jerusalem: The Dynamic of Jewish and Hellenistic Culture, 2005.

Rice, M., Egypt’s Legacy: The Archetypes of Western Civilization: 3000 to 30 BC, 1997.

P. Ucko and T. Champion (eds.), The Wisdom of Egypt: Changing Visions through the Ages, 2003.